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Thread: Texas state inspection laws

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    Texas state inspection laws

    I have omitted stuff that did not pertain to passenger cars or light trucks so you did not get lost or board reading....

    I have also noted somethings in RED that have been ask more than once on the forum.





    04.05.00 INSPECTION ITEMS FOR VEHICLE CLASSES



    05.01 Inspect Every Passenger Car For: (Listed in suggested order of inspection)



    * Check for evidence of Financial Responsibility



    1. Horn
    2. Windshield Wipers

    3. Mirror

    4. Steering

    5. Seat Belts

    6. Brakes (system) (Parking - beginning with 1960 models)

    7. Tires

    8. Wheel Assembly

    9. Exhaust System

    10. Exhaust Emission System (beginning with 1968 models)

    11. Beam Indicator (beginning with 1948 models)

    12. Tail Lamps (2); (1) if 1959 model or earlier

    13. Stop Lamps (2); (1) if 1959 model or earlier

    14. License Plate Lamp (1)

    15. Rear Red Reflectors (2)

    16. Turn Signal Lamps (beginning with 1960 models)

    17. Head Lamps (2)

    18. Motor, Serial, or Vehicle Identification Number

    19. 1988 & newer - inspect for window tinting or coating

    20. Gas caps on vehicles 2-24 model years old.




    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    05.02 Inspect Every Pickup, Panel, or Truck Under 80 Inches Wide For: (Listed in suggested order of inspection)



    * Check for evidence of Financial Responsibility



    1. Horn

    2. Windshield Wipers

    3. Mirror

    4. Steering

    5. Seat Belts

    6. Brakes (system) Parking - (beginning with 1960 models)

    7. Tires

    8. Wheel Assembly

    9. Safety Guards or Flaps (if four tires or more on rearmost axle)

    10. Exhaust System

    11. Exhaust Emission System (beginning with 1968 models)

    12. Beam Indicator (beginning with 1948 models)

    13. Tail Lamps (2); (1) if 1959 model or earlier

    14. Stop Lamps (2); (1) if 1959 model or earlier

    15. License Plate Lamp (1)

    16. Rear Red Reflectors (2)

    17. Turn Signal Lamps (beginning with 1960 models) (mea-sure if 1959 model or earlier)

    18. Head Lamps (2)

    19. Motor, Serial, or Vehicle Identification Number

    20. 1988 & newer - inspect for window tinting or coating

    21. Gas caps on vehicles 2-24 model years old.



    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    04.20.00 DETAILS OF INSPECTION



    All items of inspection enumerated will be covered which are required to be inspected in accordance with the Texas Vehicle Inspection Act and these rules and regulations prior to the affixing of an inspection certificate on a vehicle.



    During the brake/road test of a vehicle requiring a Commercial Driver License (CDL) the certified inspector may ride in the vehicle driven by its operator observing the braking performance at the brake test area, provided the inspector is not licensed to operate the class vehicle presented for inspection.



    Any vehicle presented for inspection that is modified for use by a disabled person may be driven by the operator with the certified inspector riding and observing during the road test portion of the inspection.



    NOTE: The following items of inspection are listed alphabetically.




    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    20.01 Beam Indicator. Every new motor vehicle registered in this state after January 1, 1948, other than a motorcycle or a motor-driven cycle, which has multiple beam road lighting equipment, shall be equipped with a beam indicator (no certain color required) which shall be lighted whenever the uppermost distribution of light from the head lamp is in use, and shall not be otherwise lighted. Said indicator shall be so designed and located that when lighted it will be readily visible without glare to the driver of the vehicle so equipped.



    1. Inspection Procedure. Check operation and condition visually.



    2. Inspect for and reject if: (When required)



    a. Vehicle not equipped with a beam indicator.



    b. Improper switching indication.



    c. Produces glaring light.



    d. Inoperative for any reason.




    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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    20.02 Brakes. Every passenger car, truck, bus, school bus, and motorcycle shall be equipped with brakes acting on all wheels <


    Definition of Terms:



    Brake System: A combination of one or more brakes and their related means of operation and control.



    Service Brake System: A brake system used for retarding, stopping, and controlling the vehicle under normal operating conditions. This brake is sometimes referred to as “foot brake.”



    Parking Brake System: A brake system used to hold and maintain the vehicle in a stationary position. (A positive mechanical means is employed to hold the brake applied when the vehicle is unattended.)



    Pedal Reserve: As applied to hydraulic, mechanical, or power assisted hydraulic brakes, this is the amount of distance (total pedal travel) left in reserve when the pedal is depressed to the brake-applied position. (The purpose of the pedal reserve check is to ascertain the degree of the brake adjustment and to demonstrate satisfactory brake actuating system condition).



    Equalization: Brakes shall be so adjusted as to operate as equally as practicable with respect to the wheels on the opposite sides of the vehicle.


    4. Inspection Procedure.
    Service brake performance tests should be conducted on a substantially level, hard, smooth surface road or area that is free from loose material, oil, or grease. Using the service brake only, the stopping ability of the vehicle should be tested by one of the following methods.



    a. Service Brake Test

    1) On Road (Decelerometer): Mount an approved decelerometer at centerline of vehicle. Level the deceleromoter. At a speed of 20 mph apply service brake firmly. Observe decelerometer reading.



    2) On Road (Road Test): At a speed of 20 mph apply service brakes firmly. Observe whether a vehicle comes to a smooth stop within the distance prescribed by the chart, “Required Brake Performance.” Inspector should have firm control of the steering wheel throughout the test.



    3) Platform Tester: Drive vehicle onto “drive-on-and-stop” platform tester. Apply brakes firmly at a speed from 4-8 mph without wheel lockup. All braking action must take place on the platforms.



    NOTE: Front-wheel drive vehicles are to be checked by road test only unless a platform tester specifically approved by the Department to test front-wheel drive vehicles is used.



    These machines may be used to inspect the relative effectiveness of each wheel. There should be braking action on all wheels and the action on any one wheel should be 75 percent or more of the action on the other wheel on the same axle.



    4) Roller-Type Brake (Dynamometer-Force Measuring Type):

    a) Adjust tire inflation to recommended values.

    b) Position vehicle on dynamometer rolls and begin test.

    c) Follow Department’s recommended testing procedures.



    b. Test Brake Hydraulic System for Leakage.

    While vehicle is stopped, inspector should be able to apply a moderate foot force (40-60 pounds in nonpowered systems and 15-20 pounds in power assisted systems).



    c. Test Pedal Reserve.

    While the vehicle is stopped, depress brake pedal under moderate foot force (40-60 pounds in nonpowered systems and 15-20 pounds in power assisted systems).



    d. Condition of Vacuum System.

    Visually inspect system for collapsed, broken, badly chafed and improperly supported hoses and tubes, and loose or broken hose clamps.



    5. Inspect Service Brakes for and reject if:

    a. Vehicle is not equipped with required service brakes.

    b. Upon first application, there is less than 2 inches of pedal reserve as determined by the use of an accurate measurement on the fully applied brake pedal of vehicles equipped with conventional brakes.

    c. Upon first application, there is less than 1 inch of pedal reserve as determined by the use of an accurate mea-surement on the fully applied brake pedal of vehicles with power brakes (power must be on and operating when tested).

    d. On service brakes that cannot be checked with the use of an accurate measurement, there is less than a reserve of one-third of the total travel distance of the brake actuator.

    e. Brake pedal height cannot be maintained under moderate foot force (40 to 60 pounds for conventional - 15 to 20 pounds for power) for a period of 1 minute.

    f. There is visible leakage or audible seepage in hydraulic lines and cylinders, or any other part of the service brake system.

    g. Fluid level in the master cylinder is more than 1 inch below the top of the reservoir or below manufacturer’s recommended level.

    h. Hoses or cables are restricted, abraded, crimped, cracked, leaking, frayed, or broken.

    i. Brake rods or mechanical parts are missing, broken, badly worn, or misaligned.

    j. Brake operating levers or control cables do not operate freely, improperly positioned, or misaligned.

    k. Any part of the service brake system has been removed, disconnected, rendered inoperative.

    l. There is an obvious metal to metal contact sound when brakes are applied, and upon investigation, drum or disk is being scored.

    m. The service brakes do not develop the required total braking force as determined by machine tests.

    n. Brakes do not meet requirements for stopping distances for the class of vehicle.

    o. The brakes are not equalized as determined from road testing or by machine tests of the vehicle.

    p. Break warning lamp or signal is on or comes on during test.



    NOTE: Anti-lock (ABS) lamp or signal which is on or comes on during test will not be cause for rejection.



    NOTE: It is imperative that brake system reservoir cover and the surrounding area be thoroughly cleaned before cover is removed for inspection to assure that NO DIRT OR WATER is mixed with the brake fluid.


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    20.03 Parking Brake. The inspection of the parking brake (auxiliary or holding) applies only to all motor vehicles beginning with the model year 1960.

    Some types of parking brake may be actuated by foot or hand lever.



    The parking brake may be assisted by the service brakes or other source of power, provided that failure of the service brake actuating system or other power assisting mechanism will not prevent the parking brakes from being applied. The parking brakes should be so designed that when once applied, they shall remain applied - despite exhaustion of any source of energy or leakage of any kind. If the means of applying the parking brakes and the service brakes are connected in any way, they shall be so constructed that failure of any one part shall not leave the vehicle without operative brakes. Brake lock systems will not meet the parking brake requirement.



    1. Inspection Procedure.
    On a motor vehicle that has the automatic parking brake release when the transmission is placed in gear, the parking brake should be held down with the foot and the engine accelerated enough with the vehicle in gear to determine if it is working properly.



    2. Inspect Parking Brake for and reject if:

    a. Motor vehicle is not equipped with a parking brake.

    b. Operating mechanism, when fully applied, does not hold the vehicle.

    c. Actuating mechanism is not fully released when the release control is operated.

    d. Any mechanical parts are missing, broken, badly worn, or not operating properly.

    e. Pull cables are badly worn, stretched, frayed, or not operating freely.

    f. Parking brake will not hold the vehicle in place when, with the engine running, the vehicle is placed in forward gear and the engine is accelerated enough to cause a pull on the braking mechanism.



    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    20.05 Road Test Procedures. If a road test is used for checking service brakes:



    1. Brake test area must be used on every inspection made.



    2. When it is raining, snowing, or when the brake surfaces are wet, brake tests are permitted; however, if the certified inspector feels that they cannot safely and with due care accurately check the service brakes they may refuse to make the inspection.



    3. No inspections are permitted when the brake test areas are icy.



    4. Extreme care must be exercised and sudden stops must be avoided if other traffic is affected.



    5. All vehicles so tested (brake test area) should be driven at a speed of 20 miles per hour and the vehicle must stop as indicated by the stopping distance chart. (See brake performance chart in reference section 30.06.)



    The brake application must be started as close to a speed of 20 miles per hour as possible. The stopping distance is to be measured from the point at which the service brake pedal or control begins. The vehicle must stop within the prescribed stopping distance requirements and must not pull to the right or left. Using the service (foot) brake only, the stopping ability of the vehicle should be tested by actual operation of the vehicle.



    When applying brakes to the moving vehicle, the braking force must be evenly distributed to the wheels. The brakes should be so adjusted as to operate as equally as practicable with respect to the wheels on the opposite sides of the vehicle. The driver should have a firm control of the steering wheel throughout the test.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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    20.15 Exhaust System. Every motor vehicle shall at all times be equipped with muffler in good working order and in constant operation.



    Muffler defined: Muffler is a device consisting of a series of chambers or baffle plates or other mechanical design for the purpose of receiving exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine and/or turbine wheels for the purpose of receiving exhaust gas from a diesel engine, both of which are effective in reducing noise.



    The exhaust system includes the manifolds, gaskets, exhaust lines, mufflers, resonators, tailpiping, and supporting hardware.



    Motor vehicles cannot be equipped with a muffler which is perforated or which was perforated and has been repaired, either by a muffler repair jacket or by patching or in any other way. In those cases where a muffler is perforated at the time of an inspection or has been perforated and has been repaired previous to the inspection, the muffler must be replaced or the vehicle rejected.



    Some pickups are equipped with a camper or hard shell cover and are sometimes used for the transportation of passengers. The tailpipe should discharge the exhaust at the rear or sides. This truck modification will be considered as a passenger compartment.



    The entire structure of a motor home-type vehicle is considered a passenger compartment. The cab only of all other truck-type vehicles is considered passenger or luggage compartment.



    If the vehicle is equipped with lake pipes or similar devices, such pipes or devices must be securely plated and bolted or capped.



    Dual exhaust systems may be modified to single exhaust systems and single exhaust systems to dual exhaust systems, provided the modification does not violate requirements concerning exhaust emission systems.



    The catalytic converter will be considered as a part of the exhaust system on all vehicles prior to 1984 year model and will be inspected only visually (if present) for leakage. On 1984 and later model light truck and passenger vehicles, the catalytic converter will be checked for presence and leakage. Flexible tubing which meets the requirements listed below may be used anywhere in the exhaust system.



    NOTE: Inspection of exhaust systems covers the discharge of exhaust fumes and is not concerned with the noise level.



    1. Inspection Procedure. The exhaust system shall be examined visually while the engine is running to determine efficiency of the system.



    2. Inspect for and reject if:

    a. Vehicle is not equipped with a muffler.

    b. Any joint is loose or leaking, including manifolds. Does not include minor leakage at exhaust control valve (manifold damper or heat riser valve).

    c. Manifold is cracked or broken causing leakage.

    d. Holes, leaking seams, or patches on the muffler, resonators, exhaust pipe, tailpipe, or catalytic converter.

    e. Exhaust system is not secured to the vehicle by mounting brackets designed for exhaust systems (wire is not acceptable).

    f. Any brackets are loose, broken, or missing.

    g. There is excessive vibration of exhaust line.

    h. Any part of the exhaust system passes through the passenger compartment.

    i. The tailpipe is broken, pinched, or eroded off to the extent to allow exhaust fumes to penetrate into the interior of the passenger compartment.

    j. The tailpipe fails to discharge exhaust from the rear or sides or top of the passenger compartment of the vehicle.



    NOTE: Holes in the exhaust system made by the manufacturer for drainage are not cause for rejection. The tailpipe must direct the exhaust fumes out from under the passenger compartment.



    NOTE: On pickups not equipped with a camper or hard shell cover, holes or leaks in the tailpipe extending beyond the passenger compartment will not be cause for rejection.




    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    20.16 Head Lamps



    1. Motor Vehicles. Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with at least two head lamps, at least one on each side of the front of the motor vehicle, which head lamps shall comply with the requirements and limitations set forth in these regulations.



    Every head lamp upon every motor vehicle shall be located at a height of not more than 54 inches nor less than 24 inches to be measured from the center of such lamp to the level ground upon which the vehicle stands when such vehicle is without a load.


    3. General Provisions. All motor vehicles including motorcycles sold new after January 1, 1948, other than motor-driven cycles (motor scooters and motorbikes), must be equipped with multiple beam head lamps. Single beam head lamps will be permitted on those vehicles sold new prior to January 1, 1948, and on all motor-driven cycles (motor scooters, motorbikes, and mopeds).



    There shall be an uppermost distribution of light, or composite beam, so aimed and of such intensity as to reveal persons and vehicles at a distance of at least 450 feet ahead for all conditions of loading (motorcycles, motor-driven cycles, and mopeds at a distance of at least 300 feet).



    There shall be a lowermost distribution of light, or composite beam, so aimed and of sufficient intensity to reveal persons and vehicles at a distance of at least 150 feet ahead.



    a. Single beam head lamp: A head lamp which provides only one fixed beam, which is not adjustable from the driv-er’s seat (usually on motor-driven cycles and mopeds only).

    b. Multiple beam head lamp: A head lamp which provides more than one beam, which may be selected as required from the driver’s seat.

    c. Dual head lamp system: Those vehicles using the dual or four head lamp system must be equipped with a combination of a #1 and a #2 type head lamp on each side of

    the vehicle. The use of any other type of lamp in those sockets is illegal and does not meet the inspection requirements for head lamps. The four head lamp system must be wired to burn as originally designed.

    d. Other lamps: Fog lamps, auxiliary passing lamps, auxiliary driving lamps, backup lamps, and parking lamps are not required to be inspected.

    e. Headlight identification: The 7-inch diameter 6000 series lamp, identified by the #2 on the lens, contains two filaments. One filament produces the upper beam, the other produces the lower beam. The original 7-inch sealed beam lamp can be identified by the absence of the #2 on the lens.



    Composite 9,000 series head lamp, identified by bulb housing, lens, or lamp housing marking of DOT or SAE and/or series 9,000.



    f. Retractable lamps: check if fully retractable and will fully open and lock in a rigid position.

    g. Composite head lamps: These 9,000 series headlights are of a new composite design. They consist of a lens (usually contoured to the grill and fenders of the vehicle), a reflector, and one or two halogen replaceable bulbs. These lamps are not sealed beam. Some moisture may appear in these lamp assemblies when the vehicle has not been in use. The moisture will dissipate when the lamps are turned on for a few seconds. Slight moisture will not reject these lamps. Some types of the composite headlights have a single lens but two bulbs, one of which burns on low beam and one on high beam. Most will have a single bulb that will burn on both high and low beam. Either type will pass inspection as long as the bulbs are under one common lens and are of a type meeting Department standards.

    h. Halogen lamps: Acceptable if they are of the type meeting Department standards.



    4. Preparation for Head Lamp Inspection

    a. Clean head lamp lenses, if necessary.

    b. Check for burned out head lamp and proper beam switching.



    5. Inspection Procedure. Check operation and condition.



    6. All head lamps will be inspected for and rejected if:

    a. Lamp or lamp assembly is not securely fastened to the vehicle.

    b. Lamp is improperly connected and does not light the proper filament for different switch positions.

    c. Lamp lens is cracked, broken, discolored, or missing. (Exception: Composite or halogen-type lamps will not be rejected for being cracked, unless the reflector material inside the lamp is discolored or deteriorated.)

    d. Lamp is not of a type meeting Department standards.

    e. Wiring insulation is worn, rubbed bare, or shows any evidence of burning, short circuiting, or poor electrical connections.

    f. Lamp lens is rotated, upside down, canted, or is marked “Right,” “Left,” #1 or #2 and not appropriately installed.

    g. Lamp fails to function properly in any manner.

    h. Lamp has dirt or any contamination or discoloration inside or moisture except condensed moisture in composite head lamps non-seal beam halogen lamps.

    i. Lamp switch or dimmer switch does not operate properly and is not convenient to the driver.

    j. Foreign material placed on head lamp lens, such as shields, half of lens, paint, tape, etc., that interferes with the light beam of the lamp.

    k. Vehicle is not equipped with head lamps as required.

    l. Lamp can be moved easily by hand, due to a broken fender or loose support.

    m. Lamp is missing.

    n. Lens is other than clear (white).

    o. Any filament in head lamps fails to burn except composite lamps with more than one bulb when both upper and lower beam burn when selected.

    p. Wiring is dangling or connections are loose.

    q. A good ground is not made by the lamp mounting.

    r. Lamp is mounted on vehicle more than or less than prescribed mounting heights.

    s. Head lamp is covered by any lens or cover located in front of the head lamp which is any shade or color other than clear.

    t. There is physical damage that would obviously cause a headlight beam to fail to illuminate the roadway ahead of the vehicle sufficiently.






    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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    20.17 Horn. Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a horn (electric or air) in good working order and capable of emitting a sound audible for a distance of 200 feet or more, but no horn shall emit an unreasonably loud or harsh sound or a whistle.



    Bulb or hand-operated horn is acceptable if original vehicle equipment.

    1. Inspection Procedure

    a. Sound horn.

    b. Check actuating device.

    c. Examine wiring - mounting.



    2. Inspect for and reject if:

    a. Vehicle is not equipped with a horn.

    b. Horn or horn switch is not securely fastened.

    c. Wiring insulation is worn, rubbed bare, or shows any evidence of burning, short circuiting, or poor connections.

    d. Horn switch not readily accessible to vehicle operator.

    e. Horn is actuated by grounding two naked wires or similar method.

    f. Sound is not audible under normal conditions for 200 feet.

    g. Horn emits an unusually loud or harsh sound or whistle.

    h. Operation of the horn interferes with the operation of any other circuit.

    i. Horn switch missing or inoperative




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    20.18 License Plate Lamp. Either a taillamp or a separate lamp shall be so constructed and placed as to illuminate with a white light the rear registration plate and render it clearly legible for a distance of 50 feet to the rear. Any such lamp shall be so wired as to be lighted when the head lamps or auxiliary driving lamps are lighted.


    1. Inspection Procedure. Check operation and condition visually.



    2. Inspect for and reject if:

    a. Lamp is not present.

    b. Lamp is not securely mounted to the vehicle.

    c. Lamp is not placed to illuminate with a white light the rear registration plate. (Only one lamp is required.)

    d. Wiring insulation is worn, rubbed bare, or shows any evidence of burning, short circuiting, or poor electrical connections.

    e. Lamp is not wired so as to be lighted when head lamps or auxiliary driving lamps are lighted.

    f. Lamp emits a glaring light to the rear.

    g. Lens is cracked or broken to the extent that a portion of the lens is missing and/or separated, permitting light from the bulb to emit through the crack or break.




    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    20.19 Mirror. Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a mirror so located as to reflect to the driver a view of the highway for a distance of at least 200 feet to the rear of such motor vehicle.



    1. Inspection Procedure

    a. Inspect only one mirror.



    1) Exterior Rearview Mirror: From the driver’s position, visually inspect exterior mirror for a clear and reasonably unobstructed view to the rear. Look for correct location and stable mounting.



    2) Interior Rearview Mirror: From the driver’s position, visually inspect interior mirror for proper mounting, location, cracks, sharp edges, and ease of adjustment.



    2. Inspect for and reject if:

    a. Mirror does not provide the driver with a clear view to the rear of 200 feet.

    b. Vehicle is not equipped with at least one mirror.

    c. Mirror offers unsafe interference with driver’s forward vision.

    d. Reflective surface of mirror is cracked, broken, peeled, tarnished, or has sharp edges.

    e. Mirror is not mounted securely to prevent swing or excessive vibration unless the vehicle is equipped with another mirror which meets requirements.



    NOTE: An inside mirror would meet all the above requirements. If the vehicle is equipped with more than one mirror, only one, either inside or outside, needs to meet all requirements.



    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    20.20 Reflectors (Rear). Every motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, and pole trailer shall carry on the rear, either as a part of the tail lamps or separately, two or more red reflectors. Motorcycles, motor-driven cycles, and mopeds shall have mounted on the rear, either as a part of the tail lamp or separately, at least one red reflector.


    Every reflector upon any vehicle shall be of such size and characteristics and so mounted as to be visible at night from all distances within 600 feet to 100 feet from such vehicle when directly in front of the lawful lower beams of head lamps, except that reflectors on passenger cars, motorcycles, and motor-driven cycles manufactured or assembled prior to January 1, 1972, shall be visible at night from all distances within 350 feet to 100 feet when directly in front of lawful upper beams of the head lamps.


    Reflectors on passenger cars, motorcycles, motor-driven cycles, and mopeds shall be mounted at a height of not less than 15 inches nor more than 60 inches measured from the center of such reflector to the level ground upon which the vehicle stands when the vehicle is without a load. On commercial vehicles the height shall not be less than 24 inches and not higher than 60 inches above the ground on which the vehicle stands.


    If the highest part of the permanent structure of the vehicle is less than the height required, the reflector shall be mounted as high as that part of the permanent structure will permit.


    Rear reflectors on a vehicle shall reflect a red color.


    Red reflectors required on the rear of a vehicle may be incorporated with the tail lamp assembly.


    1. Inspection Procedure. Check condition and mounting.

    2. Inspect for and reject if:

    a. Reflector is not present.

    b. Reflector is not of red color.

    c. Reflector is not properly and/or securely mounted to the vehicle.

    d. Reflector is cracked to the extent that the reflecting ability is impaired.

    e. Reflector is discolored, deteriorated, or painted.

    f. Visibility distance is not as required.


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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    20.23 Seat Belts. Front seat belts are required on every motor vehicle in which front seat belt anchorages were a part of the manufacturer’s original equipment on the vehicle.



    Anchorages defined: A seat belt anchorage consists of a threaded hole in suitable structure to receive the seat belt attachment fittings or a circular pluck which is welded to the vehicle chassis. Self-treading bolts are inserted into the pluck to form the complete seat belt anchorage assembly.



    1. Inspection Procedure. Inspect front lap seat belts for frayed, split, or torn webbing; malfunctioning buckles; and loose or damaged anchorages or floor pan. Vehicles originally equipped with automatic seat belts (shoulder belts) without front lap seat belts will have the automatic belts inspected.



    Front lap belts only will be inspected in all other vehicles. The ignition seat belt interlock system is not an item of inspection.



    2. Inspect for and reject if:

    a. Front lap seat belts are required and not present.
    b. Seat belt webbing is frayed, split, or torn.

    c. Belt anchorages or attachment fittings are loose, badly corroded, missing, or not fastened to belt.

    d. Belt buckles loose or inoperative.

    e. All seat belt anchor bolts are not securely fastened to floor or are missing.

    f. Pelvic restraint is not present.

    g. Seat belt will not adjust to allow proper fit.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    20.24 Side Marker Lamps. Refer to Reference Section for lighting diagrams.


    2. Inspection Procedure. Check operation and condition visually.

    3. Inspect for and reject if:

    a. Lamps are not present.

    b. Lamps are not securely mounted and properly located.

    c. Lamps do not emit required color; lens or bulb painted.

    d. Visibility requirements are not met.

    e. Lenses are discolored or missing.

    f. Wiring insulation is worn, rubbed bare, or shows any evidence of burning, short circuiting, or poor electrical connections.

    g. Lens is cracked or broken to the extent that a portion of the lens is missing and/or separated, permitting light from the bulb to emit through the crack or break.




    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    20.25 Steering. The steering system of the vehicle must be inspected to determine if excessive wear and/or maladjustment of the steering linkage and/or steering gear exists. Wear and adjustment of the steering system will be checked by measuring lash. Vehicle must be on a dry surface.



    Lash defined: Lash is the condition in which the steering control can be turned through some part of a revolution without front wheel motion. The wheels should be loaded and positioned straight ahead.



    Jamming defined: Jamming is any obstruction to the turning of the steering control caused by interference between some components of the steering system.



    The obstruction would include tires too large or damaged fenders that would interfere with a full right or left turn.



    1. Inspection Procedure. Lash or Free Play: With road wheels in straight ahead position, turn steering wheel until the turning motion can be observed at the road wheels. Measure lash. (See diagram.)



    2. Inspect for and reject if:



    a. Steering Lash (see chart)


    Steering Wheel diameter Manual Steering System Power Steering System
    14” or less 2” 3”
    16” 2” 4”

    18” 2” 4-3/4”

    20” 2” 5”

    22” 2-3/4” 5-3/4”




    b. It is impossible to turn the steering wheel from full right to full left without binding or jamming other than at wheel stops.

    c. Steering mechanism is not firmly attached and free of frame cracks or missing bolts.

    d. Modification of the steering system so as to affect the proper steering of the vehicle or steering wheel has been modified or replaced with one that is noticeably smaller than original factory equipment.
    e. Any excessively worn or broken parts in the steering system.

    f. Visible leaks in power steering unit or hoses.

    g. Power steering belt is excessively cracked, frayed, or has pieces missing or tension is not adequate. Serpentine belts are not to be rejected merely for cracks in the ribs.

    h. Fluid in power steering unit is below manufacturer’s recommended level. Do not overfill.


    On vehicles equipped with flexible couplings, or energy-absorbing steering columns, when it is obvious through a visual inspection of the vehicle that the column has been damaged and is in an unsafe condition, it should be rejected. Tilt steering wheels must lock into position. Steering wheel must be securely mounted to the steering shaft.



    NOTE: On vehicles equipped with power steering, the fluid level, belt tension and belt condition must be check for compliance before starting the engine to check for proper operation of the steering.




    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    20.26 Stop Lamp. Every motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, and pole trailer shall be equipped with two or more stop lamps, except that passenger cars and trucks manufactured or assembled prior to the model year 1960 shall be equipped with at least one stop lamp.



    At least two stop lamps are required on all motor vehicles, trailers, semitrailers, and pole trailers, except that at least one stop lamp is required on all motorcycles, motor-driven cycles, and all 1959 model year and earlier passenger cars and trucks.



    A stop lamp must emit a red or amber light, or any shade of color between red and amber, and be visible from a distance of not less than 300 feet to the rear in normal sunlight. The stop lamp shall be actuated upon application of the service brake and which may, but need not, be incorporated with one or more other rear lamps.



    Stop lamp lens must be of a type meeting Department of Public Safety standards.



    1. Inspection Procedure. Check operation and condition visually.



    2. Inspect for and reject if:

    a. Required lamp or lamps are not present.

    b. Lamp is not securely mounted to the vehicle.

    c. Lamp does not emit a red or amber light which is actuated on application of the service (foot) brake.

    d. Lamp is not visible from a minimum distance of 300 feet to the rear of the vehicle to which it is attached.

    e. Lamp lens is painted, missing, discolored, or does not fit properly.

    f. Wiring is shoddy or electrical connections are poor.

    g. Lamp projects a glaring or a dazzling light.

    h. Lamp is not mounted on rear of vehicle.

    i. Lens is cracked or broken to the extent that a portion of the lens is missing and/or separated, permitting light from the bulb to emit through the crack or break.



    NOTE: Lamp lenses cannot be repaired with repair tape or repair kit.




    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    20.27 Tail Lamp. Every motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, pole trailer, and any other vehicle which is being drawn at the end of a combination of vehicles shall be equipped with at least two taillamps mounted on the rear which, when lighted, shall emit a red light plainly visible from a distance of 1,000 feet to the rear, except that passenger cars and trucks manufactured or assembled prior to the model year 1960 shall have at least one tail lamp. On vehicles equipped with more than one tail lamp, the taillamps shall be mounted on the same level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable.



    Every tail lamp upon every vehicle shall be located at a height of not more than 72 inches nor less than 15 inches. Taillamps are used only to designate the rear of a vehicle.



    At least two taillamps are required on all motor vehicles, trailers, semitrailers, and pole trailers, except that at least one tail lamp is required on motorcycles, motor-driven cycles, and mopeds and all 1959 model year and earlier passenger cars and trucks.



    1. Inspection Procedure. Check operation and condition visually.



    2. Inspect for and reject if:

    a. Required lamp or lamps are not present.

    b. Lamp is not securely mounted to vehicle.

    c. Lamp does not completely emit a red light plainly visible 1,000 feet to the rear.

    d. Lamp lens is painted, missing, discolored, or does not fit properly.

    e. Wiring is shoddy or electrical connections are poor.

    f. Lamp is not wired so as to be lighted when head lamps or auxiliary driving lamps are lighted.

    g. Lamp is obstructed by any part of the body.

    h. Lamp does not emit a red color. (See note, pg. 4-26)

    i. Lamps are not mounted on the same level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable.

    j. Lamps are not mounted on rear of vehicle.

    k. Lens is cracked or broken to the extent that a portion of the lens is missing and/or separated, permitting light from the bulb to emit through the crack or break.



    NOTE: Lamp lenses cannot be repaired with repair tape or repair kit.



    NOTE: Vehicles that are equipped from the manufacturer with approved lenses which are clear and lighted by L.E.D. lights will pass state inspection.



    NOTE: Vehicles that are equipped with after market lenses which are clear and lighted by a red bulb will be rejected. (There are no red bulbs currently approved for use on vehicles.)




    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  6. #6
    texasfrog's Avatar
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    20.28 Tires. Every motor vehicle (including motorcycles and motor-driven cycles, trailer, semitrailer, pole trailer, and mobile home) registered in this state and operated on the streets and highways of this state and required to be inspected shall be equipped with tires in proper and safe condition.



    Definition of terms:



    Rim: A metal support for a tire or a tire and tube assembly upon which the tire beads are seated.



    Bead: The part of the tire made of high tensile steel wires, wrapped and reinforced by the ply cords, which is shaped to fit the rim.



    Bead Separation: A breakdown of bond between components in the bead area.



    Sidewall: The portion of the tire between the tread and the bead.



    Cord: Textile, steel wire strands, and the like, forming the piles or other structure of the tire.



    Cord Separation: Cord parting away from adjacent rubber compounds.



    Ply: Layer of rubber coated parallel cords forming the tire body.



    Ply Separation: A parting of rubber compound between adjacent piles.



    Tread: The portion of the tire that comes in contact with the road.



    Tread Separation: The pulling away of the tread from the tire carcass.



    Tread Rib: A tread section running circumferentially around a tire.



    Groove: The space between two adjacent tread ribs.



    Tread Depth: The amount of tread design on the tire. Tread depth includes both original, retread, and recapped tread design; and in respect to special mileage commercial tire design.



    Belt: A layer or layers made of fabric or other material, located under the tread area.



    1. Inspection Procedure. Tires should be inspected visually and the tread should be measured with a tread depth gauge calibrated in 32nds of an inch if it does not have tread wear indicators.



    No tire shall be passed to be in safe operating condition unless it meets the visual and tread depth requirements set forth in these regulations.



    Inspection of the spare tire is not required. All tires must appear to be properly inflated - even though a gauge check is not required.



    The tread depth requirement of these regulations shall apply to both tires of each set of dual wheels. The other requirements will also apply to both tires in each set of dual wheels.



    Dragster tires or racing slicks without sufficient tread or which have had all tread removed are not acceptable.



    2. Inspect for and reject if:

    a. Any tire with a localized worn spot that exposes the ply or cord through the tread.

    b. Any tire with tread or sidewall cracks, cuts, or snags (as measured on the outside of the tire) in excess of one inch in any direction and deep enough to expose the body cords.

    c. Any tire which has any visible bumps, bulges, or knots apparently related to tread or sidewall separation or partial failure of the tire structure, including bead area.

    d. Any tire which has been regrooved or recut below the original groove depth, except special (regroovable) tires which have extra undertread rubber for this purpose (commercial vehicles only) and are identified as such.

    e. Any dual wheel assembly where the side of one tire is in contact with the other. (Any dual tires that contact each other.)

    f. Any tire that is marked “Not for Highway Use,” “Farm Use Only,” “For Racing Purposes Only,” or with other use restrictions that would indicate the tire is not meant for highway use. This includes temporary spares, inflatables, or small high pressure spares.

    g. Any tire which has been repaired temporarily by the use of blowout patches and boots. Nail hole plugs or patches are not cause for rejection.

    h. Any tire without tread wear indicators worn so that less than 2/32 (1/16) of an inch of tread design depth remains when measured (with a tread depth gauge) at the lowest points in any two adjacent major grooves in the center or middle of the tire.

    i. Any tire with tread wear indicators worn so that the tread wear indicators contact the road in any two adjacent major grooves in the center or middle of the tire.



    Refer to Reference Section for further tire inspection procedures.




    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    20.29 Turn Signal Lamps. Every motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, and pole trailer shall be equipped with electrical turn signal lamps, except that passenger cars and trucks less than 80 inches in width and manufactured or assembled prior to the model year 1960 need not be equipped with electrical turn signal lamps.



    If the bed, body, cab, load, and any other equipment on a vehicle or combination of vehicles exceeds 24 inches or more to the left of the center of the top of the steering post in the same horizontal plane (that is, as high as the center of the top of the steering post) or when the distance from the center of the top of the steering post to the rear limit of the body or load exceeds 14 feet, then turn signal lamps are required, even though a hand and arm signal can be seen and the vehicle was manufactured or assembled prior to model year 1960.



    NOTE: Required turn signal lamps must be visible to the front and to the rear of the vehicle.



    1. Electric turn signal lamp types:

    a. Single-faced units.

    b. Double-faced units.

    c. Arrow-faced units.

    d. Kits designed to be used in conjunction with the parking light assembly.



    2. Electric turn signal lamp flashers. All open-faced and arrow-type turn signal lamps must flash on and off in order to clearly indicate an intention to turn.



    Turn signal lamps are required on those vehicles manufactured with a right-hand (steering wheel) drive, regardless of model year.



    A single lamp (large double-faced unit) on each side of a truck-tractor, which is visible to the front and rear, will suffice for turn signal lamps.



    3. Turn signal lamp mounting. The lamps showing to the front shall be mounted on the same level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable and, when signalling, shall emit a white or amber light or any shade of light between white and amber.



    The lamps showing to the rear shall be mounted on the same level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable and, when signalling, shall emit a red or amber light or any shade of color between red and amber.



    Turn signal lamps on vehicles 80 inches or more in overall width shall be visible from a distance of not less than 500 feet to the front and rear in normal sunlight.



    Turn signal lamps may, but need not, be incorporated in other lamps on the vehicle.



    Turn signal lamps shall indicate an intention to turn by flashing lamps showing to the front and rear of a vehicle. On a combination of vehicles, turn signal lamps shall indicate an intention to turn by flashing lamps to that side of the vehicle or combination toward which the turn is to be made.



    4. Inspection Procedure. Check operation and condition visually.



    5. Inspect for and reject if:

    a. Lamps are required and not present.

    b. Device is not securely mounted or properly located on the vehicle.

    c. Device is not of a type meeting Department standards.

    d. Lamp lens is discolored or missing.

    e. Wiring insulation is worn, rubbed bare, or shows any evidence of burning, short circuiting, or poor electrical connections.

    f. Switch is not convenient to driver or indicator light does not operate.

    g. Signal shows any color other than white or amber to the front, or signal shows any color other than red or amber to the rear.

    h. Signal does not flash or is not operating properly.

    i. Signal is not clearly visible to the front and to the rear of the vehicle.

    j. Lens is cracked or broken to the extent that a portion of the lens is missing and/or separated, permitting light from the bulb to emit through the crack or break.



    NOTE: Selector switch must lock in proper turn position when applied but need not cancel automatically.



    NOTE: Lamp lenses cannot be repaired with repair tape or repair kit.






    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  7. #7
    texasfrog's Avatar
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    20.30 Vehicle Identification Number, Motor, or Serial Number. Make an actual physical check of the motor block, frame, or body part where such number is located and record same on the inspection station report. If the vehicle has no such number, write “NONE” on the inspection certificate and on the inspection station report. If such number is obscured, “OBS” should be entered. Station or certified inspector suspension can result from taking this number from the old inspection certificate, title, or registration receipt.



    The entire vehicle identification number must be used.



    Do not reject a vehicle because it has no vehicle identification number or motor or serial number.



    NOTE: Vehicles with altered or removed vehicle identification numbers or motor or serial numbers should be reported to your Department representative.




    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    20.31 Wheel Assembly. The inspection of all wheels and rims will be visual. Spare wheels and rims will not be inspected.



    Wheel covers or hubcaps may be removed from the vehicle if the certified inspector has probable cause or reason to believe that wheel or rim defects exist.



    1. Inspection Procedure. Examine visually.



    2. Inspect for and reject if:

    a. Loose, missing, or damaged wheel studs, bolts, nuts, or lugs.

    b. Any part of the wheel is bent, cracked, rewelded, or damaged so as to affect safe operation of the vehicle.
    c. Wheel nuts, studs, and clamps which are loose, broken, missing, or mismatched. Adequate thread engagement is imperative. Stud and nut threads on wheel lugs must engage completely through the entire threaded portion of the nut.

    d. Rims and rings which are mismatched, bent, sprung, or otherwise damaged. Check for evidence of rim slippage - this is an indication of wear of loose nuts.

    e. Disc wheels with elongated bolts, holes, or cracks between hand holes or stud holes, or both.

    f. Cast wheels with cracks, evidence of wear in the clamp area, or both.

    g. Rims have defects or cracks to the extent that they impair the safe mounting and proper retention of tires.

    h. Any wheel cannot be securely fastened to the hub of the vehicle.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    20.32 Window Tinting. All 1988 or newer model vehicles that have window coating, tinting, or sunscreening applied to the windows must be inspected for the following:



    1. Inspect for and reject if:



    a. Glass coating or sunscreening devices on windshields:

    1) Extends downward beyond the AS-1 line or more than five (5) inches from the top of windshield on vehicles without an AS-1 line. Measurements shall be taken from inside the windshield; or

    2) is red, blue, amber in color or is a reflective type.



    b. Glass coating or sunscreening devices on windows:



    Windows immediately to the right and left of the driver, which open, have less than 20% light transmittance.



    NOTE: If one window is inspected and has less than 20% light transmittance and the other window has window tinting which is obviously the same degree of sunscreening, only the one window needs to be inspected.



    c. Check calibration before rejecting vehicle.



    2. Exemptions:



    a. The following will not be considered as sunscreening or glass coating devices:

    1) Rearview mirror.

    2) Sun visors.

    3) Motor carrier destination signs.

    4) Rear window wipers and motors.

    5) Trunk lid handle or hinge.

    6) Luggage racks.


    b. Do not inspect glass coating on vehicles used to transport passengers on a regular basis for a fee, (i.e., taxi, limousine, and buses).

    c. Do not inspect glass coating on a vehicle that is maintained by a law enforcement agency and used for law enforcement purposes.

    d. Vehicles used by persons with medical permits. Drivers of these vehicles must present a letter of authorization from the Texas Department of Public Safety to gain this exemption.

    e. Multipurpose vehicles may be equipped with any nonreflective film on the side windows that is to the rear of the driver. No label required. (Those motor vehicles designed to carry 10 or fewer persons constructed either on a truck chassis or with special features for occasional off-road use.)



    See Reference Section for diagram.




    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    20.33 Windshield Wipers. Every motor vehicle with a windshield must be equipped with a windshield wiper or wipers adequate for cleaning rain, snow, or other moisture from the windshield; in good working order; and constructed so as to permit operation and control by the driver of the vehicle.



    All motor vehicles which were originally equipped (manufactured) with one wiper, only one wiper is required; if originally equipped (manufactured) with two or more wipers, all wipers will be required. Replacement of vacuum with electric or electric with vacuum wipers is permissible. Vehicles presented for inspection without windshields will not be required to have wipers. The windshield is not an item of inspection. Manually operated wipers are permissible if original vehicle equipment.



    1. Inspection Procedure. Inspect for satisfactory operation. (If vacuum operated, engine must be idling and control full on.)

    Inspect for proper contact of blades with windshield. Raise arm away from windshield and release. Arm should return to original position and wiper blade should contact the windshield firmly.



    2. Inspect for and reject if:

    a. Vehicle is not equipped with the number of wipers with which it was originally equipped.

    b. Wiper is inoperative, does not operate freely, or is improperly adjusted.

    c. Wiper blades have damaged, hardened, or badly worn rubber elements.

    d. The portion of the rubber element that contacts the windshield is torn more than one inch on one end or is torn a total of one inch on both ends.

    e. Any part of the rubber element is torn loose from the metal backing or blade base.

    f. Metal parts of wiper blades or arms are damaged or come in contact with the windshield.

    g. Wiper is incapable of adequately cleaning the windshield.

    h. Wiper blades are not making proper contact with windshield.

    i. Wiper controls are not operating properly or are located beyond the driver’s reach.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  8. #8
    texasfrog's Avatar
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    30.01 Recommended Inspection Procedure



    Check for evidence of Financial Responsibility


    Inside the vehicle

    1. Check horn - sound and actuating device

    2. Check windshield wipers - control and operation

    3. Check mirror - view to the rear and mounting (if inside only)

    4. Check seat belts - presence and condition.

    5. Check turn signal lamps - switch and proper indication

    6. Check head lamps - turn on - beam indicator and dimmer switch



    Road Test

    1. Check steering - lash and free movement (full turn without jamming)

    2. Check brakes

    a. Service - pedal reserve, stopping ability, and equalization

    b. Parking - pedal reserve and holding ability


    Under the vehicle

    1. Check tires - tread depth and visible cuts

    2. Check wheels and rims - defective or bent

    3. Check brakes

    a. Service - leaks, defective rods, or cables

    b. Parking - defective cables

    4. Check catalytic converter - leaks, presence when required

    5. Check exhaust system - muffler, exhaust pipe, tailpipe, mounting brackets, and hangers for presence and condition


    Outside vehicle - parked

    1. Check window tint (if required)

    2. Check windshield wipers - required number and condition of blades

    3. Check mirror - (mounting only if outside mirror required)

    4. Check tail lamp(s) - operation and condition

    5. Check stop lamp(s) - operation and condition

    6. Check license plate lamp - operation and condition

    7. Check reflectors - condition


    Under the hood

    1. Check brakes - master cylinder fluid level - leaks

    2. Check exhaust emission system - presence - if required

    3. Check horn - mounting and wiring

    4. Check exhaust system - manifold leaks

    5. Check steering - belts - fluid level - leaks

    6. Check motor number (if 1955 or earlier model)



    Completion

    1. Check vehicle identification number (if 1956 or later model)

    2. Record vehicle information on inspection station report

    3. Explain rejection receipt (if issued)

    4. Remove old inspection certificate

    5. Issue new inspection certificate

    Edited on Fri Jun 27, 2008 8:22 pm by TEXASFROG

  9. #9
    PondSkum's Avatar
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    Thanks Mark! I had started to move that over here, but it was so long, I had to push it to the back burner... LOL
    2001 TJ - PondSkum
    Build in progress....

    "The wisest mind has something yet to learn." ~ George Santayana

  10. #10

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    Mark, isnt there a revision that says something along the lines of: On diesel vehicles the turbo is adequate to act as a muffler, however if the vehicle was equipped with both a muffler and a turbo, then both must be present?


    Decided to search real quick and here is what I came up with:

    20.15 Exhaust System - Every motor vehicle shall at all times be equipped with muffler in good working order and in constant operation.

    Muffler defined: Muffler is a device consisting of a series of chambers or baffle plates or other mechanical design for the purpose of receiving exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine and/or turbine wheels for the purpose of receiving exhaust gas from a diesel engine, both of which are effective in reducing noise.

    NOTE: On vehicles manufactured or equipped with a muffler and a turbo, the muffler must be present and in good working order.

    Only reason I bring this up is because many towns are now hammering people with diesels without mufflers, I have not personally be hassled yet (knock on wood), however I know quite a few that have. DPS has cited them for tampering with emissions.. I know Kerrville is getting real bad about this issue. Because of that, most inspection places are a lil more strict on the diesel muffler issue now.

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